We applied zooarchaeology by mass spectrometry (Zoo MS) to find additional hominin remains. We additionally dated animal bone samples from units G1 and G1–G3.
We identified one bone that is Neanderthal, based on its mitochondrial DNA, and dated it directly to 46,200 ± 1,500 B. We also attempted to date six early Upper Paleolithic bone points from stratigraphic units G1, Fd/d G1 and Fd/d, Fd. These dates suggest a co-occurrence of early Upper Paleolithic osseous artifacts, particularly split-based points, alongside the remains of Neanderthals is a result of postdepositional mixing, rather than an association between the two groups, although more work is required to show this definitively.
The researchers also studied other artifacts from the cave, including other animal bones, and found that the artifacts were a mixed bag, representing a timeline of thousands of years. This has led the team to conclude that the reason more modern artifacts were found with older artifacts is because of bears mixing them up.
The researchers conclude by claiming their study has shown that the Neanderthals at the Vindija cave did not overlap in time with modern humans, and thus were not the final holdout that many have suggested.
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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017).(Phys.org)—An international team of researchers has conducted a new test of Neanderthal remains found at Vindija Cave in Croatia and found them to be older than previous studies indicated.In their paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team describes their dating technique and the possible implications of their findings.Whether you call it “dating” or something else, all partners should agree on a definition and the same ground rules for the relationship.Keep these questions in mind: Hooking up is a broad term, but generally it refers to casual encounters between people who can be friends but don’t have to be.